Bach's large choral composition was written to present the Passion, as told in the Gospel of Matthew, in a vespers service on Good Friday. The St. Matthew Passion (German: Matthäuspassion) is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach. Strings are violin (Vn), solo violin (Vs), viola (Va), lute (Lt), and viola da gamba (Vg). The St Matthew Passion can be divided in scenes or "stations" that follow the dramatic action of the Gospel account in different locations. Other libretto sections came from publications by Salomo Franck and Barthold Heinrich Brockes.[6]. In some of these movements there is a vocal soloist, and the choir are commenting on what the soloist is singing about. These may be sung by soloists from the choir. Both choirs are four-part, SATB. Johann Sebastian Bach is widely regarded the greatest musical genius of all time. Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, Without text (played by organ only) in older versions of the Passion, Und da sie den Lobgesang gesprochen hatten, O Schmerz! He was born in 1685 in Eisenach, Germany, the same year as Handel, though the two never met, because Handel spent most of his adult life in London. New scenes begin with Gospel text sung by the Evangelist, except the first scene of each of the two parts of the composition. In addition to the main choir there is a small choir which sings a chorale tune on top of the music during the first movement (this is called a “ripieno”). The Lutheran composer Johann Walther created a setting of the Passion according to St. Matthew (c. 1550) that was still popular in 1806. The closing chorus is in da capo form for two choirs. Written in 1727, the St. Matthew Passion represents a large-scale intersection of composition and Lutheran theology. ), BWV244, is a Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander (Christian Friedrich Henrici). The work is composed for double choir, double orchestra, and vocal soloists. Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander. Stream songs including "St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244, Pt. The passion was actually a special composition for the long evening mass on Good Friday. The Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, Bach Works Catalog) divides the work into 78 numbers (vocal movements), while the Neue Bach-Ausgabe (NBA, New Bach Edition) divides the piece into 68 movements. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 / Part Two - No. Several movements use a combination of forms, such as an aria with chorale, a chorale fantasia, a chorus with a chorale as a cantus firmus. "The chief priests seek to destroy Jesus", 2. Despite their length, they are among Bach's most popular works. Orchestra I plays with Choir I and Orchestra II plays with Choir II. In the tradition of these musical Passions the Resurrection is not mentioned at all. During the Baroque period the Passion oratorio developed. It is a setting of chapters 26 and 27 of St. Matthew's Gospel in the German translation of Martin Luther with interspersed chorales and arias. The St Matthew Passion (German: Matthäus-Passion), BWV 244, is a Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander. Premiered on Good Friday, April 11, 1727 in Leipzig, directed by the composer. The vocal score contains all voice parts and a piano accompaniment. The Passion According to St. Matthew, BWV 244 Composed in 1727. German language John Eliot Gardiner’s benchmark Archiv recording of Bach’s St Matthew Passion, which will be reissued on vinyl on 10 April 2020, was recorded back in 1989, a masterstroke that remains a milestone in the catalogue. nun ist mein Jesus hin!. St Matthew Passion is similar to these topics: St John Passion, St John Passion structure, Weimarer Passion and more. CPE Bach’s St Matthew Passion to be performed in Axminster 231 years after it was written. The arias are accompanied by the orchestra, often with one instrument playing an important solo. Composed in 1727 for performance at the service of Good Friday vespers in St Thomas’s, the St Matthew Passion was written to exploit fully the acoustic possibilities of the building, which had two organs, in two organ galleries, directly opposite each other on either side of the nave at a distance of about 80 feet and a height of about 60 feet. Sir John’s approach to the work is as celebrated as his first-class soloists, his great Monteverdi Choir and the splendid English Baroque Soloists. The revised version that we know today was first performed in 1736. Reflecting thoughts on contemporary poetry appear as sequence of recitatives (rec) and arias, sometimes just the latter, and in choral movements. In the latter case the ending of the scene would usually be on a turba chorus, such as Wahrlich, dieser ist Gottes Sohn gewesen ending the scene where Jesus dies at the cross. Most chorales are four-part settings. This page was last changed on 31 December 2020, at 08:13. During the Baroque period the Passion oratorio developed. It immediately became extremely popular with the public and from then on Bach has always remained recognized as one of the greatest of all composers. Listen to Bach: St Matthew Passion by Christa Ludwig, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Helen Watts, Nicolai Gedda, Otto Klemperer, Philharmonia Choir, Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir Peter Pears, Walter Legge & Wilfred Brown on Apple Music. Between the sections of recitatives there are arias, each of which is sung by one of the four soloists: a soprano, an alto, a tenor and a bass. The work is for a choir, solo voices and orchestra. Matthew’s gospel chapter 26 and 27 are set into music with arias and chorale that are interspersed throughout the musical text (Robin, 1999). The words are from the Bible and by the poet Picander. The Music of the St Matthew Passion. It is composed in two parts, that were to be performed before and after the sermon of that service. Bach used the hymns in different ways, most are four-part setting, two are the cantus firmus of the two chorale fantasias framing Part I, one as a commenting element in a tenor recitative. J.S. Sind Blitze, sind Donner in Wolken verschwunden? The St Matthew Passion and the St John Passion are both very great works. It was probably first performed on Good Friday (11 April) 1727 in the Thomaskirche in Leipzig, where Bach was Kapellmeister. Bach's St. Matthew Passion, written in 1727, is the most famous work in this tradition. The LP comes wit… Bach's vivid account of Christ's Passion combines striking drama with devotion like no other. Jesus is accompanied by the strings. St Matthew Passion. Even though choral music is a major specialty for the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra , it had … The orchestra consists of woodwinds, strings, and basso continuo (Bc). Both use lettered subsections in some cases. The last column shows the incipit, the first measures of each movement with text. PUBLISHED: 12:00 22 March 2020 MATTHEW PASSION. Bach's St. Matthew Passion is rich in depth and spirituality, as relevant today as when it was first performed at Good Friday Vespers at the Thomaskirche in Leipzig in the late 1720s. There were other composers who also wrote works called St Matthew Passion, the most famous being Heinrich Schütz. Bach, written in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by picander. The story ends with the chorus shedding tears after Jesus has been put to death. Part I ends with a chorale fantasia that is based on the opening chorus of the St John Passion in its second version, also performed by both choirs in unison, whereas the opening chorus is for double choir with the chorale "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig" as the cantus firmus, which was originally played, later sung. The arias often have an introductory movement called “arioso” which in musical style is something between a recitative and an aria. The words tell the story of Jesus’s death on the cross as told in chapters 26 and 27 of the Book of St Matthew in the Bible. In other words, except for the chorus and aria that open Part One and Part Two, chorales and arias are a meditation after the narration of the action in the sung Gospel text. 54 Evangelist, Pilatus, Uxor Pilati, Chorus I/II: "Auf das Fest aber hatte der Landpfleger Gewohnheit" by Peter Schreier & Matti Salminen & Edith Mathis & Münchener Bach-Orchester & Karl Richter & Münchener Bach-Chor & Die Regensburger Domspatzen & Georg Ratzinger 2:32 $1.29 From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_Matthew_Passion&oldid=7238743, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The Bible story is told by the Evangelist (Ev) in secco recitative, and by the characters that have direct speech in the narrative. The St Matthew Passion is more gentle and thoughtful, although it also has some dramatic moments. It was probably first performed on Good Friday (11 April) 1727 in the Thomaskirche in Leipzig, where Bach was Kapellmeister. He made some changes to it by 1736 and performed it again on 30 March 1736. So, as well as Jesus, there are small parts for Judas, Peter, two high priests, Pontius Pilate, Pilate's wife, two witnesses and two ancillae (maids). Other German Passions adopted a style called motet Passion because the entire text is set polyphonically, as in a motet. Hier zittert das gequälte Herz, Der Heiland fällt vor seinem Vater nieder. The words of the arioso and arias comment on what is happening in the story and describe what is going on in the people’s minds. In 1829 the composer Felix Mendelssohn discovered the music of the St Matthew Passion and decided to perform a short version of it in Berlin. Bach's St. Matthew Passion, written in 1727, is the most famous work in this tradition. There are also several chorales which are sung by the whole choir. The speech of other persons, called soliloquents, is also set as secco recitative. Continuo are violoncello, double bass, bassoon, and organ. The St. John, and especially the St. Matthew Passion, have been performed and recorded innumerable times. Bach took the Gospel text for the composition from Martin Luther's German translation of Matthew 26 and 27. Sometimes a boys’ choir is used for this. These are like hymn tunes. The first performances of the St Matthew Passion took place in 1727, 1729, 1736 and 1740 in the Thomaskirche (St Thomas Church) in Leipzig, where Bach was the music director at the time. It was probably first performed on Good Friday(11 April) 1727 in the Thomaskirchein Leipzig, where Bach was Kapellmeister. There is usually a long interval between each part so that musicians and audience can have a meal before coming back refreshed for the second part. [4][5] Movement numbers in this article follow the NBA scheme, except for the table with the movements that cross-references both numbering systems. The text contains the verses of the Passion story (the whole of chapters 26 and 27 of St Matthew’s Gospel) as translated by Martin Luther himself. Later a tradition developed of letting it be sung by a choir. "Chief priests demand the tomb be sealed", solo: soprano, alto, tenor, bass, soliloquents, This page was last edited on 8 May 2020, at 23:52. Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander), who collaborated with Bach, wrote text for recitatives and arias, and for the large scale choral movements that open and close the Passion. Even Bach’s music in general was forgotten by most people. St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244, Passion music by Johann Sebastian Bach. It sets chapters 26 and 27 of the Gospel of Matthew (in Luther's German translation) to music, with chorales and arias. It is divided into two parts. In 1707 he married a second cousin, Maria Barbara, and had seven children. Some of these movements, such as the opening one, are quite long, others are very short indeed. He began earning his own living at fifteen as a chorister and violinist in a court orchestra, and later became a church organist. The choir, divided into two sections (“double choir”), sing some movements in which they represent the crowd of people in the story. This monumental composition seems to have been close to Bach's heart, as he took care to perform it several times in his lifetime (which was somewhat unusual at the time). Topic. There are some extra instruments as well: two recorders, three different kinds of oboe and a viola da gamba. During some of the choral movements there are very small sections for a solo voice. Both the choir and the orchestra are divided into two sections: Chorus 1 and Chorus 2, Orchestra 1 and Orchestra 2. Matthew Passion,” written in the 1720s by Johannes Sebastian Bach, is one of the great touchstones of classical music, yet it is performed quite rarely. Albert Schweitzer in his two-volume biography, J. S. Bach, discusses the Bach- Picander relationship at length [4] while considering the St. Matthew Passion: Even Bach knew he had written something very special with his St Matthew Passion, referring to it as his favourite. 6 Buß und Reu, an aria for alto, concludes the scene at Bethany. Master of St. Matthew Passion It is an oratorio written by Bach for orchestra, choir and solo voices. The St Matthew Passion performed by the Netherlands Bach Society for All of Bach. The choirs are abbreviated Ch I and Ch II, individual voice parts as S (soprano), A (alto), T (tenor), and B (bass). Part I covers the events until the arrest of Jesus and Part II concludes with his burial and the sealing of his grave. Und wiewohl viel falsche Zeugen herzutraten, Des Morgens aber hielten alle Hohepriester, Und er warf die Silberlinge in den Tempel, Auf das Fest aber hatte der Landpfleger Gewohnheit, Und siehe da, der Vorhang im Tempel zerriß, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 244–244b, "A Visitor's Guide to the St. Matthew Passion", "St Matthew Passion – German to English translation in interlinear format", International Music Score Library Project, Matthäuspassion, early edition (BWV 244b), St. Matthew passion BWV 244; BC D 3b / Passion, The Chorales of Bach's St. Matthew Passion: their Sources and Dramatic Roles, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_Matthew_Passion_structure&oldid=955644834, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Pages using infobox musical composition with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1. The tradition of singing the story of Jesus' passion during Holy Week (the week before Easter) goes back many hundreds of years to a time when a priest would sing the story instead of speaking it. Bach probably took the lead in the collaboration with his librettist, Picander, involving the 1727 creation of the St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244. The St Matthew Passion (Matthäus-Passion) BWV 244, was written in 1727 for solo voices, double choir (SSAATTBB) and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander (Christian Friedrich Henrici). "The hearing before high priest Caiaphas", 9. Bach did not number the sections of the St Matthew Passion but twentieth-century scholars have done so. “St Matthew Passion” is J. S. Bach’s largest-scale setting of the “Passion of Christ” written for performance at Vespers on Good Friday. Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion (Matthäuspassion), BWV 244, is structured on multiple levels: the composition is structured in three levels of text sources (Gospel, libretto and chorales) and by the different forms that are used for musical expression (arias, recitatives and choruses). It is the longest and most elaborate of all works by this Baroque master and represents the culmination of … Template:About Template:Italic title The St Matthew Passion (Script error: No such module "lang". The words spoken by Jesus are sung by a baritone or bass soloist. [3] Whatever the chosen scene division (none of them indicated by the composer in the score), scenes end on an aria, a chorus, or in the midst of a Gospel text section. Part II opens with an aria, Ach! These represent one person from the crowd. Two other very great choral works by Bach are his St John Passion and Mass in B minor . Share. Movement 63b, Wahrlich, dieser ist Gottes Sohn gewesen (Truly, this man was God's own Son most truly), is treated the same way. The richness of his music and … It sets chapters 26 and 27 of the Gospel of Matthew (in the Luther Bible) to music, with interspersed chorales and arias. St. Matthew Passion was written for solo voices, ripieno choir, 2 SATB choirs and 2 orchestras. The St. Matthew Passion (German: Matthäuspassion) is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian words tell the story of Jesus’s death on the cross as told in chapters 26 and 27 of the Book of St Matthew in the work is for a choir, solo voices and orchestra. The speech of Jesus sings in accompagnato recitative, except at the beginning of No. Its earliest verified performance was April 11, 1727—Good Friday—at Thomaskirche in Leipzig. Column 1 of the table is the movement number in the Neue Bach-Ausgabe; column 2 is this number in the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis. The words of Bach’s St Matthew Passion are partly taken straight from the Bible (Matthew Chapters 26-27) and partly made up by the poet Picander. The words from the Bible are used to tell the basic story. He made some changes to it by 1736 and performed it again on 30 March 1736. It is likely that in Bach’s time the congregation would have joined in singing these, as they were chorales which were often sung at church services. The original version of the work was first performed in 1727 on Good Friday in St. Thomas’s Church in Leipzig. The St John Passion is very dramatic, enjoying the drama of the story. "Death of Jesus, followed by an earthquake", 15. The evangelist is accompanied by the continuo (an organ and a cello, double bass or bassoon). These are delivered largely by the Evangelist – a musical personification of Matthew himself – and by Christ. Chorales were performed by both groups combined,[citation needed] with each voice type in unison. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest masterpieces of classical sacred music. Scenes can be opened and closed by arias: No. It includes portions of chapters XXVI and XXVII of the Gospel according to St Matthew. The instruments in the orchestra are string instruments (violins, violas, cellos and double basses), organs (one for each choir), two flutes, two oboes and bassoon. The text is taken from three sources: the biblical texts, contemporary poetry by Picander and chorales. Topics similar to or like St Matthew Passion. After that it was almost completely forgotten until long after Bach’s death. However, Bach’s St Matthew Passion is thought by many musicians to be the greatest choral work ever written. 61a where Jesus utters his last words "Eli, Eli, lama, lama asabthani" [sic] in recitative secco (see facsimile image on the right). Johann Sebastian Bach's St. Matthew Passion was first heard on Good Friday, 1727 in Leipzig, Germany. The “St. The speech of groups such as the disciples and the crowd, are expressed in turba choruses. The new pressing from original sources is on 180gm vinyl and, to enhance audio quality, no side exceeds 30 minutes. He made some changes to it by 1736 and performed it again on 30 March 1736. He was, by now, working as a … Contemporary poetry in Picander's libretto and chorales comment on the Bible text and open and close most scenes of the narration.[1][2][3]. Woodwinds are recorders, flauto traverso (transverse flute) (Ft), oboe (Ob), oboe d'amore (Oa), and oboe da caccia (Oc). https://www.classicfm.com/composers/bach/guides/bachs-passion-music-guide Bach's St. Matthew Passion, written in 1727, is the most famous work in this tradition. "Descent from the Cross; Christ's burial", 16. Bach’s St Matthew Passion takes nearly 3 ½ hours if it is performed without any cuts. Bach came from a family of prominent musicians. Bach included five stanzas of his "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" in the Passion, and he uses the first two stanzas of the poem to conclude the Flagellation scene. Latin and German Passion texts were used in Germany early in the Protestant Reformation. They are different in character. Three of the texts Bach used for chorale settings are written by Paul Gerhardt. The St. Matthew's Passion (Matthäus-Passion), BWV 244 is a sacred oratorio by J.S. Johann Sebastian Bach wrote his St. Matthew Passion for a … The St Matthew Passion is written in two parts, between which the sermon intervened in olden times. J.S. These small parts can be sung by different soloists, but in some performances one soloist (possibly one who is also singing the arias) may take several of these parts. 1: No. "Peter's denial of Christ, and his remorse", 12. It challenges, questions, comforts, and contains some of the most exquisitely crafted music ever written. The original Latin title Passio Domini nostri J.C. secundum Evangelistam Matthæum translates to "The Passion of o… "Soldiers crown Jesus with thorns, mocking him", 14. Soliloquents are Judas (B), Peter (B), two witnesses (A T), two high priests (B), two maids (S), Pilate (B), and his wife (S). They are sung to recitative (music in speech rhythm) by a tenor soloist who is known as the evangelist (Matthew was an “evangelist” because he preached the message of Jesus). "Jesus is anointed with precious ointment", 4. As with many of his sacred vocal works, Bach collaborated with theology faculty at the University of Leipzig to produce his sacred texts (the bulk of the St. Matthew Passion’s poetic text was written by the theologian-poet, Christian Friedrich Henrici, known popularly as Picander). Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion (Matthäuspassion), BWV 244, is structured on … Reflections on St Matthew Passion – Nicholas Mulroy ... his sons knew it as the ‘Great’ Passion, the words of the Gospel are written in red, like a gently illuminated medieval manuscript, and stakes were high for him, following the stinging controversy and lack of success around his previous John Passion. The oldest chorale chosen for the Passion dates from 1525. "The disciples prepare the Passover meal", 8. Like No other by Paul Gerhardt mass in B minor instrument playing an important solo Christ, basso. Vater nieder March 1736 with choir II accompagnato recitative, except the first measures of each of most!, 12 choir, 2 is an oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach is widely regarded the greatest musical of. 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