ELEAZAR BEN JAIR (first cent. 2013-03-12: revised. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit. After Simon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simon b. He is mentioned only infrequently in the Mishnah, but plays an important role in the Tosephta. Eleazar ben Parta (early 2nd cent. According to a secord version found in a midrash, he died in Gush Halav. Have you ever seen an animal that is obliged to follow a trade or that must painfully support itself? (1901–1906). [3] Nevertheless, after Eleazar's death, Judah HaNasi devoted himself to caring for Eleazar's wayward son Yosei. He is cited in the Mishnah only a few times, but on the Tosefta and baraitas' portions that are quoted in the Talmud his name is mentioned many times. His mentor answered that the weeding ought to be left to the proprietor of the vineyard—that is, that God Himself would visit punishment on the idlers and evildoers. R. Simeon ben Eleazar said: If young people say to you, "Build the Temple," do not heed them. When the old people say, 'Tear down,' and the young people say, 'Build,' listen to the old and not to the young; for the tearing down of the old people is building, and the building of the young people is tearing down, as the story of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, teaches. CE) was thought to be the author of much of the Zohar. Judaica, c1971 (Eleazar ben Simeon; tanna of the end of the 2nd cent. "Eleazar ben Simon". [2] [3] [4] He is the sixth most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah. He also served his teacher (Shab. Eleazar ben Kalir, also known as Eleazar HaKalir, Eleazar ben Killir or Eleazar Kalir (c. 570 – c. 640) was a Byzantine Jew and a Hebrew poet whose classical liturgical verses, known as piyut, have continued to be sung through the centuries during significant religious services, including those on Tisha B'Av and on the sabbath after a wedding. [1], He was a pupil of Rabbi Meir, whose teachings, both halakhic and aggadic, he transmitted. Eleazar was a member of a distinguished priestly family of Jerusalem and a friend of zechariah b. avkilus . He was the son of Jose the Galilean, and is regarded as a Tanna of the fourth generation. Eleazar ben Simeon, active 2nd century אלעזר בן שמעון בן יוחאי, תנא El'azar ben Šim'on tanaitský rabín VIAF ID: 66326635 (Personal) 1991-09-09: new. [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.] Simeon formulated a rule for interpreting Biblical passages in which dots are placed over certain letters or entire words, in conformity with a tradition which was even then sanctioned: If the letters without dots exceed in number those with dots the exposition must be based on the letters without dots; but if the reverse be true, the letters with dots must be interpreted. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi.. ; son and pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. [5], Like his teacher R. Meir, Simeon engaged in polemic discussions with the Samaritans (who denied the resurrection), proving to them that the resurrection was taught by the Bible (in Numbers 15:31).[6]. Many aggadic teachings by Simeon have been preserved, including the following: Some fine parables by Simeon have also been preserved. 195 et seq. By Nissan Mindel. Eleazar ben Simon: | | |For the fifth generation |Mishnah| |Tanna| sage with a similar name, see ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEONELEAZAR BEN SIMEON , tanna of the end of the second century c.e. R. xi. As the latter would not forgive him, Simeon followed him until they came to Simeon's city, when the inhabitants came out to meet him, greeting him respectfully as rabbi. A contemporary of Judah ha-Nasi, he lived in Tiberias. Eleazar ben Shammua (c.150 CE) was a student of Akiva and the teacher of Judah ha-Nasi. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEON, Zealot leader during the Roman war of 66–70 C.E. Eleazar, however, continued in office, justifying himself by saying, "I only weed out thistles [i.e. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. He played an important role in the war against cestius gallus ,… He was probably the son of eleazar of bartota . Simeon did not return the greeting, and even mocked the man on account of his ugliness. evil men] from the vineyard." c.e. Gamaliel the Elder (/ ɡ ə ˈ m eɪ l i əl,-ˈ m ɑː-, ˌ ɡ æ m ə ˈ l iː əl /; also spelled Gamliel; Hebrew: רבן גמליאל הזקן ‎ Rabbān Gamlīyʾēl haZāqēn; Koinē Greek: Γαμαλιὴλ ὁ Πρεσβύτερος Gamaliēl ho Presbýteros), or Rabban Gamaliel I, was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the early first century AD. He was a noted halakhist, aggadist and polemicist. 6; see Eliezer ben Jacob). He is… New York: Funk & Wagnalls. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of judah ha-nasi . He is quoted frequently in the beraitot, as well as approximately 75 times in the Tosefta, especially those of Zevaḥim and Menaḥot. Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. [2] However, Maimonides, when he enumerated the generations of the Tannaim sages, reversed the order of the two, placing R. Simeon ben Eleazar as a contemporary of R. Akiva, whereas placing R. Meir in the following generation. 63b; Cant. The verse "You shall love your neighbor as thyself: I am the Lord". Gen. R. 9:5). This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. Should not, therefore, man, rather than the animals, be able to support himself without toil? He was probably the son of *Eleazar of Bartota. Eleazar ben Simeon, 2d century; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi; Eleazar ben Simon; Eleasar be-R. Simeon) found: Enc. Missing or empty |title= (help), Mordechai Margolias (editor), "Encyclopedia LeChachemei Hatalmud VeGeonim" (Vol. It has the following bibliography: Shabbat 33b; Genesis Rabbah 79:6, and parallel passages; compare Yerushalmi Shevuot 9 38d, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleazar_ben_Simeon&oldid=994790892, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. CE) was arrested by the Romans for publicly teaching Torah, but was miraculously delivered. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR. Eleazar ben Simeon (late 2nd cent. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. While he cultivated both the Halakha (Sotah v. 3; Tosefta, Sanhedrin i. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (TJ, Ma'as. flatters you); since he that reproves you brings you into life of the world to come, but he that speaks kindly of you takes you out of this world. Palestinian tanna. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. ELEAZAR BEN JAIR. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. Biography. ), chief of the Sicarii who captured the fortress of *Masada at the beginning of the Roman war (Jos., Wars, 2:447; 7:275ff.). He is most likely the son of R. Eleazar ben Shammua. '''Simeon ben Eleazar''' (or '''Simeon b. Eleazar'''; {{lang-he|'''שמעון בן אלעזר'''}}, read as ''Shimon ben Eleazar'') was a Jewish [[Tanna (Rabbinic sage)|Tanna]] sage of the fourth generation, and one of [[Rabbi Meir]]'s disciples. He was a pupil of Rabbi Akiba (Ber. The inhabitants of Akbara (variant: Gush Halav), believing that the sage's remains miraculously protected them against incursions of wild beasts, refused permission to remove the body. After many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but a new difficulty arose. ...Love him that reproves you, but hate him that speaks kindly of you (i.e. But if elders say to you, "Destroy the Temple," heed them. 2; Sanh. 1, p. 46-47). "[14] and answered, "It is Eleazar ben Simon, who united in himself all noble qualities, he having been well versed in Scripture and in traditional law, and having been a [liturgical] poet, a leader in prayers, and a preacher".[15]. Gen. R. 9:5). His wife even divorced him because the financial cost of caring for his ailments was draining her family wealth, though after this Eleazar was able to support himself due to the timely arrival of sixty sailors bearing gifts for him. The Jewish Encyclopedia. Mishnaic sage. l.c.). He is cited in the Mishnah merely few times, but on the Tosefta and Baraitas' portions that are quoted in the Talmud his name is mentioned many times. When, however, the man said to him, "Go and tell the Master, who created me, how ugly His handiwork is," Simeon, perceiving that he had sinned, fell on his knees and begged the man's pardon. ; This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 15:25. Simeon went the same day to the school and preached a sermon, exhorting all the people to be pliable like a reed and not unbending like a cedar.[4]. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. 5; Eccl. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEON, tanna of the end of the second century C.E. Eliezer ben Hurcanus or Hyrcanus (Hebrew: אליעזר בן הורקנוס) was one of the most prominent Sages of the 1st and 2nd centuries in Judea, disciple of Rabban Yohanan ben Zakkai [1] [2] and colleague of Gamaliel II (whose sister Ima Shalom he married), and of Joshua ben Hananiah. [10], Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the time of his death. Ta'anit 20a-b, where the preferable reading has "Simon b. Eleazar"; see Rabbinowitz, "Variæ Lectiones," ad loc. 2nd cent.) And the proof for this assertion is Rehoboam, the son of Soloman. ; https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simeon_ben_Eleazar&oldid=944600054, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, He who is prompted by love to perform ethical and religious acts is greater than he who is prompted to them by fear.". Simeon ben Halafta, Rabbi (2) Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi (47) Tarfon, Rabbi (1) Ten Martyrs, the (8) Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Shimon (Book) The donkeys in the attic. 45b). Simeon was one of the pupils of *Meir and reported many halakhot in his name. Here is a story about Rabbi Elazar the son of Rabbi Shimon, when he was a young boy. Simeon ben Eleazar was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. Yet animals were created for the purpose of serving man, while man was created to serve his Creator. For building done by young people may be equivalent to destruction, while the destruction done by old people is equivalent to building. [12] Legend relates many miracles performed by the dead rabbi, one of which was that litigants plead their cases in the rabbi's house, and the verdict was pronounced from the mortuary chamber. In many of the classical texts of the baraita, in matters in dispute, he has stated a different version to these disputes cited in the Mishnah. As Eleazar lay dying, worrying that resentment over his government work would lead the rabbis to deny him a proper burial, he enjoined his wife to preserve his remains under her roof rather than burying him immediately. This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 20:31. [4], There are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar's unusual physical size. 1:2; cf. (1901–1906). [2], After Shimon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simeon ben Gamaliel II, and became the colleague of the patriarch's son, Judah HaNasi; but there was rivalry between the two. [3], It is told that once, when returning in a very joyful mood from the academy to his native city, he met an exceedingly ugly man who greeted him. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his protracted hermitage, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him (Shab. Jastrow, in Monatsschrift, 1882, pp. Eleazar ben Simon (He­brew: אלעזר בן שמעון ‎) was a Zealot leader dur­ing the First Jew­ish-Ro­man War who fought against the armies of Ces­tius Gal­lus, Ves­pasian, and Titus Flav­ius. Eleazar ben Azariah (Hebrew: אלעזר בן עזריה ‎) was a 1st-century CE Jewish tanna, i.e. [1] After the death of Hadrian, when events took a somewhat more favorable turn for the Jews, father and son left the cave and returned to the busy world. 51b, et al.). 1:2; cf. The man thereupon said to them, "If this is a rabbi may there be few like him in Israel," and told them what had occurred; he, however, forgave Simeon when the people begged him to do so. ; son and pupil of *Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. [14], This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his long seclusion, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him. 45b). [9], Later in life he regretted the part he had taken under the hated government, and is said to have imposed on himself the most painful penance. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. According to the talmudic version of events, he died at Akbara,[11] and his wife did as instructed. Eleazar beRabbi [son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון, lit. According to these stories, Eleazar spent his youth with his father in a cave, studying Torah while hiding from the Roman persecutors who sought his father's life. Do not appease your friend in the hour of his anger... neither come into his house during the hour of his calamity, nor try and see him in the hour of his disgrace. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. [13], Due to his varied learning, his surviving colleagues cited the Scriptural verse "Who is it that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant? Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (tj, Ma'as. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of *Judah ha-Nasi. Eleazar ben Yose I (late 2nd cent. [5], Though wanted in his youth by the Roman government, later on Eleazar worked on behalf of the Roman government as a security and public order commissioner. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. In halakhah, Simeon appears most frequently as the opponent of R. Judah ha-Nasi. The Jewish Encyclopedia. 51b, et al.). Change Notes. He was the son of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and appears in many of the stories concerning his father. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון‎, lit. Eliezer ben Yose HaGelili) was a Jewish rabbi who lived in Judea in the 2nd century. For the Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War with a similar name, see Eleazar ben Simon. Three things the left hand should ward off, while the right hand draws them on: desire, a child, and a wife. [6][7][8] This made him very unpopular, and one of the rabbis remonstrated with him, saying, "Vinegar product of wine [= "Degenerate son of a distinguished father"], how long will you continue to deliver the people of God to the hangman?" Simeon ben Eleazar (fl. Ultimately, however, in compliance with the request of the rabbis, people from the nearby town of Birya carried it off by stealth, and it was deposited at Meron beside that of his father. A number of merchants came one day to Sidon, where Rabbi Shimon dwelt. R. ii. Eliezer ben Jose (Heb. R. Yom Tov Asevilli claims that there were two different Tanna sages with the same name of Simeon ben Eleazar, one in the previous generation to R. Meir, and the other in the following generation to R. Meir, and in that he had resolved the maze of Maimonides' statement. He was of the second generation and a junior contemporary of Gamaliel II, Eliezer b. Man, however, has deteriorated in his works, and therefore in his nature, and has been deprived of his nourishment. ; son & pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai) Editorial Notes [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.] Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר ‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. Simeon was one of the pupils of meir Midrash, he lived in Tiberias and the proof for this assertion is,! Publication now in the beraitot, as well as approximately 75 times in the Mishnah, but hate him speaks. Number of merchants came one day to Sidon, where the preferable reading has `` Simon b. Eleazar '' see. R. eleazar ben simeon ; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit Eleazar son Rabbi... 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